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Implementing Rule of Law in African Nations: The Cases for Angola, and Democratic Republic of Congo

At the heart of USILD program of promoting Rule of Law is our ability to develop lawyers' litigation skills centered on constitutional law and international human rights law for the purpose of protecting nations' constitutional law, and international human rights laws. We currently have programs centered on training the following category of litigators:

The Orpe Center for Constitutional Advocacy and Protection uses strategic legal advocacy to defend constitutional rights and values through its nations' advocates and equip and empower lawyers with the skills expected in restoring confidence in the integrity of a nation governmental institutions.

The Orpe Center for Constitutional Advocacy is a project of USILD created under the aegis of the Orpe Human Rights Advocates,   within the purpose of advancing rule of law in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, and other African nations.   The Center has experienced attorneys who are expected to use novel litigation tools, strategic policy development, and the constitutional scholarship of the USILD to vindicate individuals’ rights and educate in the protection of a nation's democratic processes and rule of law. In an era of politically polarized discourse in almost every aspiring  democratic nation, OCAP offers vital understandings of the Constitution that draw on a wide range of practical experience, including extensive service in governments.

At the heart of OCAP is our litigation, as nations' courts remain a critical venue for the vindication of constitutional rights. OCAP will be collaborating with a wide array of litigation partners across your a nation, including non-profits, law firms, and governmental entities, focused on protecting constitutional rights.

Encouraging Constitutional Dialogue to Drive Policy Change

Unconstitutional policies violate nation's constitutional. To change an unconstitutional policy there is a need for dialogue between change makers and policy makers. The constitutional dialogue sometimes occurs outside the courts and in the public square. OCAP uses public education to inform and elevate that dialogue, empowering the community with vital understandings of the Constitution based on history, text, and precedent. Through direct engagement with the public in sponsored events as well as through writing and speaking, OCAP heightens and grounds constitutional conversations. OCAP’s lawyers also drive policy change, as they with lawmakers at national, central (federal) state, and local levels to help situate their policymaking in constitutional principles and values.

Finally, OCAP will be playing an important teaching role within the United States Institute of Leadership and Diplomacy by involving trainees in our work. Through a practicum seminar, trainees will be working directly with OCAP attorneys on constitutional impact litigation and related policy efforts. Additionally, OCAP will be providing litigation and policy support to other centers and institutes within a nation.

Examples of Constitutional Litigation Cases Addressed by Georgetown University

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